# 3.3.1.45. NXsample¶

**Status**:

base class, extends NXobject

**Description**:

Any information on the sample.

This could include scanned variables that are associated with one of the data dimensions, e.g. the magnetic field, or logged data, e.g. monitored temperature vs elapsed time.

**Symbols**:

symbolic array lengths to be coordinated between various fields

n_comp: number of compositions

n_Temp: number of temperatures

n_eField: number of values in applied electric field

n_mField: number of values in applied magnetic field

n_pField: number of values in applied pressure field

n_sField: number of values in applied stress field

**Groups cited**:- NXbeam, NXdata, NXenvironment, NXgeometry, NXlog, NXpositioner, NXsample_component

**Structure**:

name: (optional) NX_CHARDescriptive name of sample

chemical_formula: (optional) NX_CHARThe chemical formula specified using CIF conventions. Abbreviated version of CIF standard:

- Only recognized element symbols may be used.
- Each element symbol is followed by a ‘count’ number. A count of ‘1’ may be omitted.
- A space or parenthesis must separate each cluster of (element symbol + count).
- Where a group of elements is enclosed in parentheses, the multiplier for the group must follow the closing parentheses. That is, all element and group multipliers are assumed to be printed as subscripted numbers.
- Unless the elements are ordered in a manner that corresponds to their chemical structure, the order of the elements within any group or moiety depends on whether or not carbon is present.
- If carbon is present, the order should be:

- C, then H, then the other elements in alphabetical order of their symbol.
- If carbon is not present, the elements are listed purely in alphabetic order of their symbol.
- This is the
Hillsystem used by Chemical Abstracts.

temperature[n_Temp]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_TEMPERATURE}Sample temperature. This could be a scanned variable

electric_field[n_eField]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_VOLTAGE}

magnetic_field[n_mField]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_ANY}

stress_field[n_sField]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_ANY}

pressure[n_pField]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_PRESSURE}Applied pressure

changer_position: (optional) NX_INT {units=NX_UNITLESS}Sample changer position

unit_cell_abc[3]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_LENGTH}Crystallography unit cell parameters a, b, and c

unit_cell_alphabetagamma[3]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_ANGLE}Crystallography unit cell parameters alpha, beta, and gamma

unit_cell[n_comp, 6]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_LENGTH}Unit cell parameters (lengths and angles)

unit_cell_volume[n_comp]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_VOLUME}Volume of the unit cell

sample_orientation[3]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_ANGLE}This will follow the Busing-Levy convention: W. R. Busing and H. A. Levy (1967). Acta Cryst. 22, 457-464

orientation_matrix[n_comp, 3, 3]: (optional) NX_FLOATOrientation matrix of single crystal sample using Busing-Levy convention: W. R. Busing and H. A. Levy (1967). Acta Cryst. 22, 457-464

ub_matrix[n_comp, 3, 3]: (optional) NX_FLOATUB matrix of single crystal sample using Busing-Levy convention: W. R. Busing and H. A. Levy (1967). Acta Cryst. 22, 457-464. This is the multiplication of the orientation_matrix, given above, with the \(B\) matrix which can be derived from the lattice constants.

mass[n_comp]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_MASS}Mass of sample

density[n_comp]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_MASS_DENSITY}Density of sample

relative_molecular_mass[n_comp]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_MASS}Relative Molecular Mass of sample

type: (optional) NX_CHARAny of these values:

`sample`

`sample+can`

`can`

`sample+buffer`

`buffer`

`calibration sample`

`normalisation sample`

`simulated data`

`none`

`sample environment`

situation: (optional) NX_CHARThe atmosphere will be one of the components, which is where its details will be stored; the relevant components will be indicated by the entry in the sample_component member.

Any of these values:

`air`

`vacuum`

`inert atmosphere`

`oxidising atmosphere`

`reducing atmosphere`

`sealed can`

`other`

description: (optional) NX_CHARDescription of the sample

preparation_date: (optional) NX_DATE_TIMEDate of preparation of the sample

component[n_comp]: (optional) NX_CHARDetails of the component of the sample and/or can

sample_component[n_comp]: (optional) NX_CHARType of component

Any of these values:

`sample`

|`can`

|`atmosphere`

|`kit`

concentration[n_comp]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_MASS_DENSITY}Concentration of each component

volume_fraction[n_comp]: (optional) NX_FLOATVolume fraction of each component

scattering_length_density[n_comp]: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_SCATTERING_LENGTH_DENSITY}Scattering length density of each component

unit_cell_class: (optional) NX_CHARIn case it is all we know and we want to record/document it

Any of these values:

`triclinic`

`monoclinic`

`orthorhombic`

`tetragonal`

`rhombohedral`

`hexagonal`

`cubic`

space_group[n_comp]: (optional) NX_CHARCrystallographic space group

point_group[n_comp]: (optional) NX_CHARCrystallographic point group, deprecated if space_group present

path_length: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_LENGTH}Path length through sample/can for simple case when it does not vary with scattering direction

path_length_window: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_LENGTH}Thickness of a beam entry/exit window on the can (mm) - assumed same for entry and exit

thickness: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_LENGTH}sample thickness

external_DAC: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_ANY}value sent to user’s sample setup

short_title: (optional) NX_CHAR20 character fixed length sample description for legends

rotation_angle: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_ANGLE}Optional rotation angle for the case when the powder diagram has been obtained through an omega-2theta scan like from a traditional single detector powder diffractometer

x_translation: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_LENGTH}Translation of the sample along the X-direction of the laboratory coordinate system

distance: (optional) NX_FLOAT {units=NX_LENGTH}Translation of the sample along the Z-direction of the laboratory coordinate system

geometry: (optional) NXgeometryThe position and orientation of the center of mass of the sample

(beam): (optional) NXbeamDetails of beam incident on sample - used to calculate sample/beam interaction point

(sample_component): (optional) NXsample_componentOne group per sample component This is the perferred way of recording per component information over the n_comp arrays

transmission: (optional) NXdataAs a function of Wavelength

temperature_log: (optional) NXlogtemperature_log.value is a link to e.g. temperature_env.sensor1.value_log.value

temperature_env: (optional) NXenvironmentAdditional sample temperature environment information

magnetic_field_log: (optional) NXlogmagnetic_field_log.value is a link to e.g. magnetic_field_env.sensor1.value_log.value

magnetic_field_env: (optional) NXenvironmentAdditional sample magnetic environment information

external_ADC: (optional) NXloglogged value (or logic state) read from user’s setup

(positioner): (optional) NXpositionerAny positioner (motor, PZT, …) used to locate the sample